So friends, you’ve decided to use Linux or story of linux, and want to learn all about, this shiny, new, and foreign OS, which has its roots in an OS which has existed for more than half a century. (So called UNIX.) You probably have some digging questions about it’s past, exactly what the heck it is, and why you should use it. Let’s get into a bit of background…..
The History of the Linux operating system
Linux was born in 1991 by a Finnish student of the University of Finland, Linus Torvalds. His goal was to write a small hobby operating system, which could clone the UNIX and MINIX operating systems. He didn’t want to have to afford buying expensive machines that required annual fees and charges. He wanted to be able to emulate the UNIX environment, without much hassle. As he originally wrote on the comp.os.minix newsgroup:
“Hello everybody out there using minix –
I’m doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won’t be big and professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. This has been brewing since april, and is starting to get ready. I’d like any feedback on things people like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles it somewhat (same physical layout of the file-system (due to practical reasons) among other things).
I’ve currently ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40), and things seem to work. This implies that I’ll get something practical within a few months, and I’d like to know what features most people would want. Any suggestions are welcome, but I won’t promise I’ll implement them 🙂
Linus ([email protected])
PS. Yes – it’s free of any minix code, and it has a multi-threaded fs. It is NOT portable (uses 386 task switching etc), and it probably never will support anything other than AT-harddisks, as that’s all I have :-(.
From this moment on in history, until the official renaming in September 1991, Linux was called the “Freax” operating system. It was released under the GPL, and he shared it among his friends at the university. His friends wrote extra drivers for Linux, so it would run on their hardware. This is what actually evolved the Freax operating system into a major project, getting the attention of many companies, and, of course, computer geeks. A few years later, Linux becomes the center of attention for the free software movement, also forming small foundations such as FSF, The Linux Foundation, and so on. The GNU project, which existed earlier than the Linux operating system itself, known for distributing open source software to the public, also began to contribute enormous amounts of code, and hard work to the Linux project. Now, after many years, major companies, such as Citrix, Microsoft, and many others, have contributed.